Fast facts – Crime

Gavel with circular wood blockCrime rate

The overall numbers, rates and severity of reported crimes dropped in 2009, continuing a 10-year trend. Police-reported crime statistics

Impaired driving

Impaired driving offences increased for the third consecutive year in 2009, following 25 years of general decline. Impaired driving offences

Youth crime

Youth and young adults commit a disproportionate amount of crime compared to older adults. Chart 14: Persons accused of crime, by age, Canada, 2009

The severity of youth crime, overall, has generally been declining since 2001. For violent youth crime, the crime severity index remained stable in 2009; however, it was 10% higher than a decade earlier. Chart 15: Police-reported youth Crime Severity Indexes, Canada, 1999 to 2009

Youth are most likely to commit crimes in the late afternoon after school and before supper-time. Property-related crimes committed by youth are more likely to happen in commercial establishments while violent crime and drug violations most often occur on school grounds.  Where and when youth commit police-reported crimes, 2008

The new Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) was introduced in 2003, significantly changing how the criminal justice system dealt with youth crime.  Youth crime in Canada, 2006

Violent crime

Violent crime is declining, but to a lesser extent than overall crime. In 2009, one in five offenses were violent. Violent crime

Despite annual fluctuations, the homicide rate has been relatively stable for the past decade and well below the peak rate of the mid-1970s. Chart 5: Attempted murder and homicide, police-reported rates, Canada, 1979 to 2009

Criminal harassment

In 2009, over 20,000 incidents of criminal harassment (also known as stalking) were reported to police, representing almost 5% of all reported violent crimes. Criminal harassment in Canada, 2009

Dating violence

Dating violence represented 7% of total violent crimes in 2008, and one quarter of all intimate partner violence (25%). Table 1: Number of violent crimes by sex of victim and relationship to accused, 2008

From 2004 to 2008, there has been a steady increase in rates of police-reported dating violence Chart 3: Increase in rates of dating violence for male and female victims, 2004 to 2008

Half of the violent offences reported in dating relationships were common assaults which are the least serious form of physical assault. Table 3: Victims of dating violence by offence type and sex of victim, 2008  Police-reported dating violence

Child luring through the Internet

Child luring through the Internet was added as a new offense to the Canadian Criminal Code in 2002. The majority of people charged with this offense are 18- to 34-year-old males.

So far, the vast majority of completed court cases involving a luring charge have resulted in a guilty finding. Child-luring through the Internet

 

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