Fast facts – Population

Nine hands touching and forming a circleCurrent and future population

Canada's population is 34 million. Population clock

See: Population by year, province and territory

By 2036, Canada's population could grow to between 40 and 47 million. What's the projected population in 2036 for your province or territory?

Life expectancy

A boy born in Canada between 2005 and 2007 can expect to live an average of 78 years, a girl 83. Life expectancy at birth

Life expectancy in Canada ranks in the top 10 among countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Chart 1

Life expectancy at birth has improved dramatically in Canada over the last century. Chart 2

City dwellers

In 2006, nearly 25 million people, more than 80% of Canadians, were living in urban areas.

Since the 1921 to 1931 period, the urbanization rate has been rising almost without a break. Chart

In 2006, more than two-thirds (68%) of the population lived in one of the 33 census metropolitan areas.

Nearly half of all Canadians (45%) lived in one of the six metropolitan areas with a population of more than 1 million: Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver, Ottawa - Gatineau and, for the first time in 2006, Calgary and Edmonton. Portrait of the Canadian population

Aboriginal youth boom

The Aboriginal population is much younger than the non-Aboriginal population.

In 2006, the median age of the Aboriginal population was 27 years, compared with 40 years for non-Aboriginal people, a gap of 13 years. Aboriginal peoples in Canada

Seniors overtaking youth

From 2001 to 2006, the percentage of seniors increased by 11.5% and the percentage of children under 15 declined by 2.5%. Population by age and sex

Seniors could outnumber kidsbetween 2015 and 2021. Population projections


More: Census of Canada resources